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02.No-Till Farming: Effects on Soil, Pros and Cons and Potential
03.Progress in Pesticides Research
04.Drying of Food Materials: Transport Phenomena
05.Fertilizers: Properties, Applications and Effects
06.Microbes in Sustainable Agriculture
07.Fisheries: Management, Economics and Perspectives
08.Traditional and Modern Japanese Soy Foods: Manufacturing, Nutrition and Cuisine of a Variety of Soy Foods for Health and Joy of Taste
09.Antibiotic Resistance: Causes and Risk Factors, Mechanisms and Alternatives
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Food Crop Mineral Deficiency and Disturbance Stress Mitigation in Temperate Climatic Regions by Economical and Environmental Valorization of Agricultural By-Products
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Authors: Edward Someus (Budapest, Szechenyi, Hungary) 
Book Description:
The innovative 3R “Recycle-Reuse-Reduce” AGROCARBON technology provides recycling of agricultural organic and mineral by-products provides carbon products for soil amendment and restoration of soil natural balance. This book explains how the input feed streams are plant and animal origin carboniferous by-products, such as refuse grain, sawdust, food grade animal bone meal, food processing and/or other agro by-products. The innovative technology is providing surface modified charcoals and minerals for plant availability and post processing the chars by integrated biotechnological means. The process is upgrading by-products to high added-value biological control, plant growth promotion and natural fertilization combined products for environmentally friendly vegetable cultivation, with carbon sequestration potential. The 3R is a horizontally arranged and indirectly heated low temperature zero emission carbonization system (operating under vacuum, up to 850 °C±50°C material core temperature) and directly integrated novel agro biotechnological processing units of agrocarbon specific solid state fermentation and formulations. Performance:
1. Food crop mineral deficiency and disturbance stress mitigation in temperate climatic regions by restoration of soil natural balance.
2. Input feed streams: low value organic and/or inorganic by-products; such as refuse grain, sawdust and/or high Phosphorous content animal bone meal, and/or other by products; which can be valorization transformed by added-value integrated thermal and biotechnological means.
3. The 3R biotechnology integrated industrialized biochar production technology is a modern zero emission solution, in which process all and any output products are recycled and reused, aiming prevention-protection-preservation approaches.
4. The output products are different types of soil biotechnology specific solid carrier composits and adapted microbiological fungus and/or bacteria strain consortiums. Depending on the soil and climate application scenario conditions, different types of soil and climate relevant 3R NPK products can be made.
5. The application objective of the products are the natural balance and functionality restorations of degraded temperate agriculture soils with controlled microbiological activity and precision farming nutrient supply. Further objectives are the promotion of humus building and mineral mobilization towards plant availability, for sustainable, improved, economical and ecological food crop production in the fields of organic and low input low green house gas farmings, while carbon sequestration is also targeted.
6. The application targets combined effects, such as plant growth promotion, biological control against soil borne plant pathogens and natural NPK fertilization, especially sequenced mobilized Phosphorus supply and improved nutrient use efficiency.
7. The application sectors are the organic farming and/or low input farming for environmentally friendly vegetable cultivation and other food crop productions.
8. STATUS: “product like” field demonstration plant has been developed, successfully tested, scale up optimization and comprehensive industrialized engineering design made for 30,000 m3/year input feed stream as of modern US/EU industrial norms and standards. Patented original solution. Available for licensing and technology transfer.

Table of Contents:

1. Introduction

2. Abbrevations

3. General Considerations pp.1-4

4. Trends In Fertilizer Use pp.5-6

5. The Energy Demand Of The Intensive Farming pp.7-10

6. Nutrient Disturbance In Agricultural And Forest Soil pp.11-12

7. The Importance Of The Nitrogen Mineral Fertilization pp.13-14

8. Environmental And Nutritional Problems Of Nitrogen Fertilizers pp.15-16

9. The Importance Of The Phosphorous Mineral Fertilization pp.17-18

10. The Problem With The Efectiveness Of Mineral Fertilizers pp.19-22

11. Phosphate Rock Is A Finite, Non Renewable Natural Resources pp.23-26

12. The Inorganic Contamination Of Phosphate Rock Fertilizers pp.27-30

13. The Environmental Risk Of Phosphate Fertilizer Industry pp.31-34

14. Greenhouse Gas Emission From Intensive Agriculture Activities pp.35-38

15. Impact Of The Kyoto Protocol On Agriculture pp.39-40

16. Global Warming pp.41-42

17. Importance Of Som And Effects Of Losses Of Soil Carbon pp.43-46

18. Environmental Benefits Of Soil Organic Carbon pp.47-50

19. Effects Of Biochar Application pp.51-54

20. How Much Biochar Can Be Added To Soil? pp.55-56

21. Enchanced Soil Microbiological Activity Ba Charcoal pp.57-58

22. Carbon Sequestration pp.59-60

23. Biochar Production pp.61-64

24. Potential Biochar Foodstock Characterization pp.65-66

25. The Solution: Integrated 3r-Agrocarbon Teshnology For Recycling And Edded Value Carbon Economy Upgrading Of Organic And Inorganic Agro By-Products pp.67-74

26. 3r-Agrocarbon Application Targets, Concepts And Priorities pp.75-76

27. Development Of Alternative 3r-Agrocarbon Strategies For Different Climatic, Environmental And Soil Conditions. pp.77-80

28. Sustainability Of 3r-Agrocarbon Technology pp.81-84

29. Organic Agrocarbon Farming pp.85-88

30. Protecting Soil Resources And Combating Climat Change pp.89-90

31. Product Permit Eu Authority And Commercial Field Cultivation Test Results For Validation And Demonstration Of 3r-Agrocarbon Agronomic And Nutrition Effectiveness pp.91-106

32. Conclusion pp.107-108

33. Future Trends pp.109-110

34. Sources Of Information And Advice pp.111-112

25. References pp.113-122

36. Index pp.123-134

   Binding: Softcover
   Pub. Date: 2011
   Pages: 134.pp
   ISBN: 978-1-60692-243-9
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
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Food Crop Mineral Deficiency and Disturbance Stress Mitigation in Temperate Climatic Regions by Economical and Environmental Valorization of Agricultural By-Products