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Visual Cortex: New Research
Retail Price: $225.00
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Editors: Thomas A. Portocello and Rudolph B. Velloti
Book Description:
All visual information that the human mind receives is processed by a part of the brain known as visual cortex. The visual cortex is part of the outermost layer of the brain, the cortex, and is located at the dorsal pole of the occipital lobe; more simply put, at the lower rear of the brain. The visual cortex obtains its information via projections that extend all the way through the brain from the eyeballs. The projections first pass through a stopover point in the middle of the brain, an almondlike lump known as the Lateral Geniculate Nucleus, or LGN. From there they are projected to the visual cortex for processing. Visual cortex is broken down into five areas, labelled V1, V2, V3, V4, and MT, which on occasion is referred to as V5. V1, sometimes called striate cortex because of its stripey appearance when dyed and put under a microscope, is by far the largest and most important. It is sometimes called primary visual cortex or area 17. The other visual areas are referred to as extrastriate cortex. V1 is one of the most extensively studied and understood areas of the human brain. Neurons in the visual cortex fire action potentials when visual stimuli appear within their receptive field. By definition, the receptive field is the region within the entire visual field which elicits an action potential. But for any given neuron, it may respond to a subset of stimuli within its receptive field. This property is called tuning. In the earlier visual areas, neurons have simpler tuning. For example, a neuron in V1 may fire to any vertical stimulus in its receptive field. In the higher visual areas, neurons have complex tuning. For example, in the inferior temporal cortex (IT), a neuron may only fire when a certain face appears in its receptive field. The visual cortex receives its blood supply primarily from the calcarine branch of the posterior cerebral artery. This new book presents the latest research in the field from around the globe.

Table of Contents:
Preface

Mathematical Modeling and Computer Simulations of the Vision Early Processing Stages: A Theoretical Framework pp. 1-96
(Giuseppe-Emiliano La Cara, Mauro Ursino, D.E.I.S, Department of Electronic Computer Science and Systems, University of Bologna, Cesena)

The Ventral Visual Path: Moving Beyond V1 with Computational Models pp. 97-160
(Alessio Plebe, Deptartment of Cognitive Science, University of Messina, Italy)

The “Horizontal Effect”: A Perceptual Anisotropy in Visual Processing of Naturalistic Broadband Stimuli pp. 161-193
(Bruce C. Hansen, Department of Psychology, Colgate University, Hamilton, USA,Andrew M. Haun, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, USA, Edward A. Essock, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Louisville, USA)

Large- and Small-Scale Functional Organization of Visual Field Representation in the Human Visual Cortex pp. 195-226
(Hiroki Yamamoto, Department of Human Coexistence, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Japan, Hiroshi Ban, Department of Human Coexistence, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, KOKORO Research Center, Kyoto University, Japan, Masaki Fukunaga, Department of Medical Informatics, Meiji University of Oriental Medicine, Kyoto, Japan, et al.)

The Inferotemporal Cortex: An Integration Module for Complex Visual Analysis pp. 227-249
(Maria C. Romero, Maria A. Bermudez, Ana F. Vicente, Laboratories of Visual Neurophysiology, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain, et al.)

Investigation of the activated human primary visual cortex (V1) by functional MRS pp. 251-268
(Silvia Mangia,Ivan Tkáč, Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA, Kâmil Uğurbil, Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Germany)

The Role of Corollary Discharge Signals in Visual Perception pp. 269-283
(Christopher C. Pack, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada)

Infraslow Potentials in the Primary Visual Cortex: New Approach to Neurophysiology of Neocortical Visual Sensory Information Processing pp. 285-300
(Igor V. Filippov, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Yaroslavl State Medical Academy, Russia)

Orientation and Contour Extraction Model Using Unit-Linking Pulse Coupled Neural Network pp. 301-321
(Xiaodong Gu, Department of Electronic Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, China)

Neuronal Plasticity in Retinal Disease pp. 323-330
(Carlos Gias)

Awareness in Primary Visual Cortex pp. 331-338
(Juha Silvanto, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, USA, Gianluca Campana, Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Italy)

Index pp.339-355

   Series:
      Eye and Vision Research Developments
   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2008, 3rd Quarter
   Pages: 355 pp.
   ISBN: 978-1-60456-530-0
   Status: AV
  
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
  
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