Nova Publishers
My Account Nova Publishers Shopping Cart
HomeBooksSeriesJournalsReference CollectionseBooksInformationSalesImprintsFor Authors
  Top » Catalog » Books » Chemistry including Chemical Engineering » My Account  |  Cart Contents  |  Checkout   
Quick Find
Use keywords to find the product you are looking for.
Advanced Search
What's New? more
Gas Separation: Techniques, Applications and Effects
Shopping Cart more
0 items
Shipping & Returns
Privacy Notice
Conditions of Use
Contact Us
01.Inorganic Biochemistry: Research Progress
02.Electroanalytical Chemistry Research Developments
03.Biomass Gasification: Chemistry, Processes and Applications
04.New Trends and Potentialities of ToF-SIMS in Surface Studies
05.Advances in Adsorption Technology
06.Nitrogen Fixation Research Progress
07.Activated Carbon: Classifications, Properties and Applications
08.Biochemical Engineering
09.Clinical Chemistry Research
10.Biochemistry and Chemistry: Research and Development
Notifications more
NotificationsNotify me of updates to Tritium: Advances in Research and Applications
Tell A Friend
Tell someone you know about this product.
Tritium: Advances in Research and Applications
Retail Price: $195.00
10% Online Discount
You Pay:

Editors: Marija M. Jankovic Ph.D. (Radiation and Environmental Protection Department, Institute of Nuclear Sciences Vinča, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia)
Book Description:
Tritium, 3H (T), is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. Naturally occurring tritium is rare on Earth, where trace amounts are formed by the interaction of the atmosphere with cosmic rays. Once formed in the stratosphere, the tritium atoms have a large amount of kinetic energy. At a pressure lower than atmospheric, they react with the oxygen, creating a stable radical HO2. This radical reacts with ozone, following the photochemical reaction of decomposition TO2 to HTO. Once tritium is incorporated into the water molecule, then it falls to the Earth’s surface as precipitation or snow, thus entering into the natural hydrological cycle.

With a half-life of 12.32 years and a maximum energy of 18 keV beta radiation, this radioisotope is not dangerous externally, but it can be a radiation hazard when inhaled, ingested via food or water, or absorbed through the skin. The biological half-life ranges from around 7 to 14 days, so bioaccumulation of tritium is not a significant concern.
Tritium is a very useful hydro-geological tracer and can be successfully applied in assessing the age of groundwater and residence times of continental hydrologic systems or as an oceanic transient tracer. Tritium releases from nuclear installations may be useful for some applications as a powerful local tracer, but on the other hand such releases may affect the reliability and accuracy of tritium use as a global tracer. For this reason, measuring of the activity concentrations of tritium is regularly a part of every national and/or international monitoring programme. Tritium is also used in radio luminescent light sources for watches and various instruments, and, along with deuterium, as a fuel for nuclear fusion reactors with applications in energy generation and weapons.

The amount of tritium that appears in the atmosphere as a product of human activity comes from: nuclear reactors, production of nuclear weapons, atmospheric and above ground nuclear explosions, heavy water and tritium plants, and plants for tritium separation. The use of tritium labeled compounds for medical and research purposes is also a possible source of contamination by tritium.

Knowledge of the tritium concentration distribution in the environment, awareness of various anthropogenic sources of tritium, and optimization of measurement conditions are of great importance in various applications and in preserving human health. (Nova)

We’ve partnered with Copyright Clearance Center to make it easy for you to request permissions to reuse Nova content.
For more information, click here or click the "Get Permission" button below to link directly to this book on Copyright Clearance Center's website.

Table of Contents:


Chapter 1. Tritium Measurement with a Plastic Scintillator: An Organic Wasteless Method (pp. 1-32)
(Etsuko Furuta)

Chapter 2. Tritium in Snowpacks of Eastern Siberia (pp. 33-46)
(V. N. Makarov)

Chapter 3. Tritium in the Freshwater Ecosystem of the Yenisei River: Behaviour, Accumulation, and Transformation (pp. 47-98)
(Lydia Bondareva)

Chapter 4. Methodology of Tritium Determination in Aqueous Samples by Liquid Scintillation Counting Techniques (pp. 99-156)
(Ivana Stojković, Nataša Todorović, Jovana Nikolov, Ines Krajcar Bronić, Jadranka Barešić and Uranija Kozmidis Luburić)

Chapter 5. Tritium in Water: Hydrology and Health Implications (pp. 157-212)
(Jovana Nikolov, Ines Krajcar Bronić, Nataša Todorović, Ivana Stojković, Jadranka Barešić and Tanja Petrović-Pantić)

Chapter 6. A New Method for the Determination of Tritium Originating in Surface Waters: Symmetrical Index Application (pp. 213-250)
(Marija M.Janković Bojan Ž. Janković, Nataša B. Sarap)

Chapter 7. Tritium Emissions from Nuclear Installations (pp. 251-268)
(Marko Štrok)

About the Editor (pp. 269-270)

Index (pp. 271)

Total Pages: 279

      Chemistry Research and Applications
   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2018 - May
   ISBN: 978-1-53613-506-0
   Status: AV
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
Special Focus Titles
01.Violent Communication and Bullying in Early Childhood Education
02.The New Science of Curiosity
03.Cultural Considerations in Intervention with Women and Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
04.Chronic Disease and Disability: The Pediatric Lung
05.Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Health: New Research
06.Future Perspectives on Nigella sativa: Characterization and Pharmacological Properties
07.Wine and Winemaking: The Value and Efficiency
08.Impacts and Challenges in Oil Palm Cultivation and Downstream Applications of Biomass
09.Fire and the Sword: Understanding the Impact and Challenge of Organized Islamism. Volume 2
10.The Life and Times of the World's Most Famous Mathematicians
11.Innovation Processes in the Social Space of the Organization
12.High-Strength Steels: New Trends in Production and Applications

Nova Science Publishers
© Copyright 2004 - 2018

Tritium: Advances in Research and Applications