Authors: (Divya Nagraj and Hatim Omar, Division of Adolescent Medicine and Young Parent programs, Kentucky Clinic, Department of Pediatrics, Kentucky Children’s Hospital, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of America)
Abstract: We provide a systematic review of suicide among adolescents with physical disabilities,
intellectual disability and learning disability. A search was performed of English articles
published prior to December 2014 in the PubMed database for studies examining suicide,
suicidal behavior and suicidal ideation among adolescents with and without varied
disabilities. Nine studies were retrieved, of which two studies examined adolescent
populations with physical disabilities, three looked at suicide in adolescents with
intellectual disability and four studies examined adolescents with learning disabilities.
There were consistent results to prove that these adolescents with special needs had an
increased tendency to commit suicide and had expressed increased suicidal ideation
Conclusions: An increased risk of suicide among adolescents with physical disabilities,
intellectual disability and learning disability relative to those without suggests the need
for innovative diagnostic and prevention strategies for this population. Future research
which determine factors associated with suicide among adolescents with different
disabilities are essential to reduce the disproportionate suicide risk in this population.
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