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Adaptive Control: Methods, Applications and Research
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Environmental Biodegradation Research Focus
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Editors: B.Y. Wang
Book Description:
This new book is devoted to leading-edge research on environmental biodegradation which is the destruction of organic compounds by microorganisms. Microorganisms, particularly bacteria, are responsible for the decomposition of both natural and synthetic organic compounds in nature. Mineralization results in complete conversion of a compound to its inorganic mineral constituents (for example, carbon dioxide from carbon, sulfate or sulfide from organic sulfur, nitrate or ammonium from organic nitrogen, phosphate from organophosphates, or chloride from organochlorine). Since carbon comprises the greatest mass of organic compounds, mineralization can be considered in terms of CO2 evolution. Radioactive carbon-14 (14C) isotopes enable scientists to distinguish between mineralization arising from contaminants and soil organic matter. However, mineralization of any compound is never 100% because some of it (10–40% of the total amount degraded) is incorporated into the cell mass or products that become part of the amorphous soil organic matter, commonly referred to as humus. Thus, biodegradation comprises mineralization and conversion to innocuous products, namely biomass and humus. Primary biodegradation is more limited in scope and refers to the disappearance of the compound as a result of its biotransformation to another product.Compounds that are readily biodegradable are generally utilized as growth substrates by single microorganisms. Many of the components of petroleum products (and frequent ground-water contaminants), such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene, are utilized by many genera of bacteria as sole carbon sources for growth and energy.

Table of Contents:
Preface

Chapter 1 - Biodegradation of Polysaccharide Sourced from Virulence Factor or Plant and Pathogenic Cell Wall Constituent and its Application in Management of Phytopathogenic Disease, pp. 1-47;
(Xianzhen Li and Xiaoyi Chen)

Chapter 2 - Biodegradation or Metabolism of Bisphenol A in the Environment, pp. 49-76;
(Jeong-Hun Kang and Yoshiki Katayama)

Chapter 3 - From Planting to Harvest: Environmental Dissipation of the Herbicide Molinate and Proposal of a Clean-Up Methodology,
pp. 77-100;
(Célia M. Manaia and Olga C. Nunes)

Chapter 4 - Natural Attenuation of High Concentrations of Organic Pollutants by Biodegradation in Soils, pp. 101-126;
(L. Reijnders)

Chapter 5 - Microbial Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Biodegradation in Submerged Sediment Environments, pp. 127-158;
(Yinjie J. Tang and James Carothers)

Chapter 6 - Microbial Degradation of 2-Benzothiazole Derivatives: A Review, pp. 159-187;
(A. Bunescu, A.-M. Delort, P. Besse-Hoggan and M. Sancelme)

Chapter 7 - Biodegradable Aliphatic Polyesters Derived from the 1,3- Propanediol Current Status and Promises, pp. 189-215;
(George Z. Papageorgiou and Dimitrios N. Bikiaris)

Chapter 8 - Aerobic Biodegradation of Fish-Meal Wastewater from Lab Scale to Large Scale, pp. 217-238;
(Joong Kyun Kim and Geon Lee)

Chapter 9 - Methods in Study of Biodegradation of Water Insoluble Polymer Materials, pp. 239-257;
(Marek Koutny and Anne-Marie Delort)

Chapter 10 - Biodegradable Synthetic Octacalcium Phosphate Bone Substitute, pp. 259-271;
(Takahisa Anada, Hideki Imaizumi, Shinji Kamakura and Osamu Suzuki)

Chapter 11 - Biodegradation of Phenol and Resorcinol by a Halotolerant Penicillium, pp. 273-287;
(Ana Lúcia Leitão)

Chapter 12 - Kinetics and Metabolic Pathway of Melatonin Biodegradation by a Bacterium Isolated from the Mangrove Student, pp. 289-302;
(Xiang-Rong Xu, Hua-Bin Li, Ji-Dong Gu and Xiao-Yan Li)

Index pp.303-320

   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2008 - 1st Quarter
   Pages: 320.pp
   ISBN: 978-1-60021-904-7
   Status: AV
  
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
  
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Environmental Biodegradation Research Focus