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The Hierarchic Theory of Liquids and Solids: Computerized Applications for Ice, Water and Biosystems
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Authors: Alex Kaivarainen (Univ. of Turku, Dept. of Physics, Turku, Finland) 
Book Description:
Subject Scope: Condensed Matter

This book presents a review of an original Hierarchic theory of condensed matter, general for liquids and solids and its numerous applications. Computer programs based on a new theory were used for comprehensive simulations of water and ice physical properties and validation of the theory. Condensed matter is considered as a system of 3D standing waves (collective excitations) of different nature: thermal de Broglie waves, IR photons and thermal phonons. Quantitative interrelation between microscopic, mesoscopic (as intermediate) and macroscopic properties of condensed matter were found out.
New theories of total internal energy, including contributions of kinetic and potential energies, heat capacity, surface tension, vapor pressure, thermal conductivity, viscosity and self-diffusion are described. Hierarchic theory of osmotic pressure, based on new state equation, new theories of light refraction, Brillouin light scattering and Messbauer effect are presented also in article and compared with available experimental data for water and ice. Lot of hidden parameters, inaccessible for experiment, describing the dynamic and spatial properties of 24 quantum collective excitations of matter, can be calculated also, as demonstrated on examples of water and ice. Total number of physical parameters of liquids and solids in wide T-interval, including that of phase transitions, to be possible to evaluate using CAMP computer program, is about 300. The agreement between theoretical and available experimental results is good. The evidence of high-T mesoscopic Bose condensation (mBC) in water and ice in form of coherent clusters is obtained. The new mechanisms of the 1st and 2nd order phase transitions, related to such clusters formation/melting, their assembly/disassembly and symmetry change is proposed. The influence of weak magnetic field on water is demonstrated experimentally and explained in the framework of new theory. Theory unifies dynamics and thermodynamics on microscopics, mesoscopic and macroscopic scales in terms of quantum physics. The idea of new optoacoustic device: Comprehensive Analyzer of Matter Properties (CAMP) with huge informational possibilities, its possible configurations and applications are described.

Table of Contents:
Preface

Acknoledgements

Summary

Introduction

Chapter 1 - Theoretical background of the Hierarchic model; pp. 15-26
1.1 General notions
1.2 The main statements of the model

Chapter 2 - Properties of de Broglie waves; pp. 27-39
2.1 Parameters of individual de Broglie waves
2.2 Parameters of de Broglie waves in condensed matter
2.3 Hamiltonians of quasi-particles, introduced in Hierarchic Concept of Matter
2.4 Phase velocities of standing de Broglie waves forming new types of quasi-particles

Chapter 3 - Concentrations and properties of quasi-particles, introduced in Hierarchic model of condensed matter; pp. 41-48
3.1 The concentration of primary effectons, primary transitons and convertons
3.2 The concentration of secondary (mean) effectons and secondary transitons
3.3 The concentration of the electromagnetic primary deformons
3.4 The concentration of acoustic secondary deformons
3.5 The properties of macro-effectons (tr and lb)
3.6 The properties of macro-deformons and macro-transitons (tr and lb)
3.7 The properties of super-effectons
3.8. The concentration of super-deformons (super-transitons)
3.9 The properties of convertons and related collective excitations
3.10 The concentrations of acoustic deformons, excited by convertons
3.11 Some quantitative characteristics of collective excitations

Chapter 4 - Hierarchic thermodynamics}; pp. 49-60
4.1 The internal energy of matter as a hierarchical system of quasi-particles formed by 3D standing waves
4.2 Parameters of deformons (primary and secondary)
4.3 Parameters of transitons
4.4 Parameters of macro-effectons
4.5 Parameters of macro-deformons
4.5a Parameters of convertons and related excitations
4.6 Parameters of super-effectons
4.7 Parameters of super-deformons
4.8 Contributions of kinetic and potential energy to the total internal energy
4.9 Some useful parameters of condensed matter
4.9.1 The frequency of (ac) and (bc) convertons excitation [lb/tr]
4.9.2 The frequency of excitation of Super-effectons and Super-transitons (deformons) cycles
4.9.3 The frequency of translational and librational macro-effectons and macro-transitons (deformons) cycle excitations
4.9.4 The frequency of primary translational and librational effectons and transitons cycle excitations
4.9.5 The fraction of molecules (Fr) in each type of independent collective excitations (quasi-particles)
4.9.6 The number of molecules in each types (i) of collective excitations
4.9.7 The concentration of each type (i) of collective excitation
4.9.8 The average distance between centers of i-type of collective excitations
4.9.9 The ratio of the average distance between centers of excitations to their linear dimension

Chapter 5 - Heat capacity and radiation of matter in the framework of the Hierarchic Theory; pp. 61-72
5.1 The relation of hierarchic concept to Einstein and Debye theories of condensed matter
5.2 Relation of the Hierarchic Concept to the Stephan-Boltzmann law of radiation

Chapter 6 - Quantitative verification of the Hierarchic theory for ice and water; pp. 73-101
6.1 General information about physical properties of water and ice
6.2 The experimental input data for analysis of condensed matter, using pCAMP (computer program for Comprehensive Analyzer of Matter Properties)
6.2.1 The input parameters of ice for computer calculations
6.2.2 The input parameters of water for computer calculations
6.3 Discussion of theoretical temperature dependencies. Anomalies of water and ice
6.3.1 The temperature dependencies of total partition function (Z) and some of its components
6.3.2 The temperature dependencies of the total internal energy and some of its contributions
6.3.3 The confirmation of quantum properties of ice and water
6.3.4 The temperature dependencies of properties of primarylibrational effectons of the ice and water
6.3.5 Explanation of Drost-Hansen temperature anomalies
6.3.6 The temperature dependences of water density and some contributions to the total kinetic energy of water and ice
6.3.7 The temperature dependencies of translational and librational velocities and corresponding de Broglie waves length of H2O molecules in water and ice
6.4 Mechanism of phase transitions based on the Hierarchic theory
6.5 Mechanism of the 2nd-order phase transitions following from Hierarchic theory
6.6 The energy of 3D quasi-particles discrete states in water and ice. Activation energy of macro- and super-effectons and corresponding
deformons

Chapter 7 - Interaction of light with matter; pp. 103-109
7.1 Polarizabilities and induced dipole moments of atoms and molecules
7.2 Rayleigh formula

Chapter 8 - New approach to theory of light refraction; pp. 111-117
8.1 Refraction in a gas
8.2 Light refraction in liquids and solids

Chapter 9 - Hierarchic theory of light scattering in condensed matter; pp. 119-135
9.1 The traditional approach
9.2 Fine structure of scattering
9.3 New hierarchic approach to Brillouin scattering
9.4 Factors that determine the Brillouin line width
9.5 Quantitative verification of the hierarchic theory of Brillouin scattering
9.6 Light scattering in solutions

Chapter 10 - Hierarchic theory of the Mossbauer effect; pp. 137-147
10.1 General background
10.2 Probability of elastic effects
10.3 Doppler broadening in spectra of nuclear gamma-resonance (NGR)
10.4 Acceleration and forces, related to the thermal dynamics of molecules and ions.
The hypothesis of Vibro-gravitational interaction

Chapter 11 - Interrelation between mesoscopic and macroscopic properties of matter; pp. 149-175
11.1 The state equation for a real gas
11.2 New general state equation for condensed matter
11.2.1. The analysis of new general state equation of condensed matter.
The internal pressure calculation for ice and water
11.3 New theory of vapor pressure and its computerized confirmation
11.4 New theory of surface tension and its confirmation
11.5 New theory of thermal conductivity and its confirmation
11.6 Hierarchic theory of condensed matter viscosity
11.6.1 Quantitative verification on example of water
11.6.2 Quantitative verification on example of ice
11.7 Brownian diffusion
11.8 Self-diffusion in liquids and solids
11.8.1 Self-diffusion in solids
11.9 Hierarchic approach to proton conductivity in water, ice, and other systems containing hydrogen bonds
11.10 Regulation of pH and shining of water (photoluminescence) by
electromagnetic and acoustic fields
11.11 A New optoacoustic device: Comprehensive Analyzer of Matter Properties (CAMP), based on the hierarchic theory
11.11.1. Possible applications of CAMP for aqueous systems
11.11.2 The concept of using GeoNet for detection of coherent
terresrial and extraterrestrial signals

Chapter 12 - Hierarchic background of turbulence, superfluidity and superconductivity; pp. 177-206
12.1 Turbulence: a general description
12.2 Hierarchic mechanism of turbulence
12.3 Superfluidity: a general description
12.4 Hierarchic scenario of superfluidity
12.5 Superfluidity as a hierarchic self-organization process
12.5.1 Verification of the inaccessibility of the b-state of primary effectons at TˇÜT¦Ë
12.6 Superfluidity of 3He
12.7 Superconductivity
12.7.1 General properties of metals and semiconductors
12.7.2 Plasma oscillations
12.7.3Fermi energy
12.7.4 Cyclotronic resonance
12.7.5 Electroconductivity
12.8. Microscopic theory of superconductivity (BCS)
12.9. Hierarchic scenario of superconductivity
12.9.1 Interpretation of the experimental data, confirming a new superconductivity theory

Chapter 13 - Hierarchic theory of complex systems; pp. 207-249
13.1. The independent experimental and theoretical results, confirmingmesoscopic Bose condensation (mBC) in condensed matter
13.2.Protein domain mesoscopic organization
13.3. Quantum background of lipid domain organization in biomembranes
13.4.Hierarchic approach to theory of solutions and colloid systems
13.4.1. Definitions of hydrophilic, hydrophobic, and the newly-introduced clusterphilic interactions,based on the hierarchic theory
13.5. The multi-fractional nature and properties of interfacial water, based on hierarchic theory
13.5.1. Consequences and predictions of the new model of interfacial solvent structure
13.5.2 Comparison of experimental data with theoretical predictions of the interfacial water model
13.5.3. The predictions, related to both the third fraction (SSBC) and the forth fraction: orchestrated by superradiation water (SOW) of new interfacial model
13.5.4. Possible role of interfacial water near cell's microfilaments in morphogenetic field formation
13.6. Distant solvent-mediated interaction between macromolecules
13.6.1. Possible mechanism of water activity increasing in solutions of macromolecules
13.7. Spatial self-organization (thixotropic structure formation) in water-macromolecular systems
13.8. The antifreeze and ice-nucleation proteins
13.8.1 Theoretical model of the antifreeze proteins (AFP) action
13.8.2Consequences and predictions of proposed model of AFP action
13.9. The properties of the [bisolvent - polymer system]
13.9.1 The possibility of some nontrivial effects, following from structural and optical properties of the [bisolvent - polymer] systems.
13.10. Osmosis and solvent activity.
13.10.1. The traditional approach
13.10.2. A New approach to osmosis, based on the hierarchic theory of condensed matter
13.11 The external and internal water activity, as a regulative factor in cellular processes
13.12 Distant solvent-mediated interaction between proteins and the cell
13.13 The cancer cells selective destructor

Chapter 14 - Macroscopic oscillations and slow relaxation (memory) in condensed matter. The effects of magnetic field; pp. 251-266
14.1. Theoretical background
14.2. The entropy-information content of matter as a hierarchic system
14.3. Experimentally revealed macroscopic oscillations
14.3.1 The coherent radio-frequency oscillations in water,revealed by C. Smith
14.4. Phenomena in water and aqueous systems, induced by a magnetic field
14.4.1. The quantitative analysis of magnetic field influence on water-using Comprehensive Analyzer of Matter Properties (CAMP)
14.4.2. Possible mechanism of water properties perturbations under magnetic field treatment
14.4.3 Cyclotronic frequency of ions in rotating tube with water and possible mechanism of water structure stabilization or destabilization under magnetic field treatment
14.5 Influence of weak magnetic field on the properties of solid bodies
14.6 Possible mechanism of perturbations of nonmagnetic materials under magnetic treatment

Chapter 15 - Role of inter-domain and inter-subunits water clusters in the large-scale dynamics of proteins; pp. 267-284
15.1 Description of large-scale dynamics of proteins, based on generalized Stokes-Einstein and
Eyring-Polany equation
15.2 Dynamic model of protein-ligand complexes formation
15.2.1 Possible mechanism of distant specific attraction between ligands and proteins
15.2.2. Virtual replica of drugs and possible mechanism of 'homeopathic memory'
15.3 The life-time of quasi-particles and frequencies of their excitation

Chapter 16 - Hierarchic mechanism of enzymatic catalysis. Conditions of quantum beats between substrate and catalytic groups; pp. 285-294
16.1 The mechanism of the ATP hydrolysis energy utilization in muscle contraction and proteins filaments polymerization

Chapter 17 - Some new applications of the hierarchic theory to biology; pp. 295-301
17.1 Possible nature of the biological field
17.2 Electromagnetic and acoustic waves radiated by bodies
17.3 Coherent IR super-radiation and distant Van der Waals interaction
17.4 Gravitational effectons, transitons and deformons
17.5 Resonant remote vibro-gravitational interaction (VGI)
17.6 A Possible explanation of the Kirlian effect and its dependence on the emotional state

Chapter 18 - Hierarchic model of elementary act of consciousness (HMC): from mesoscopic Bose condensation to synaptic reorganization; pp. 303-329
18.1 The basis of the Orchestrated objective reduction (Orch OR) model of Penrose and Hameroff
18.2 The basis of the Hierarchic model of consciousness, including the distant and nonlocal interactions
18.2.1 The mechanism of the Entanglement channels formation between remote coherent de Broglie waves of the nucleons
18.2.2 Two triggering mechanisms of elementary act of consciousness (Quantum of Mind)
18.3 The comparison of the Hierarchic model of consciousness and Quantum brain dynamics model
18.4 The properties of actin filaments, microtubules (MTs), and internal water in MTs
18.5 The system of librational and translational IR standing waves in the microtubules
18.6 The role of electromagnetic waves in the nerve cells
18.7 The reaction of actin filaments, microtubule systems, and the volume and shape of a cellto nerve excitation
18.7.1 The factors, affecting the equilibrium constant of two-state excitations of water in MT
18.8 Possible mechanism and the role of wave function collapse, following from HMC
18.9 Experimental data confirming Hierarchic Model of Consciousness
18.9.1 The additional experimental verification of the Hierarchic Model of Consciousness "in vitro"

Resume

Appendix:The Basic Properties of Bivacuum

References

Index

   Binding: Hardcover
   Pub. Date: 2008
   ISBN: 1-60021-901-2
   Status: AV
  
Status Code Description
AN Announcing
FM Formatting
PP Page Proofs
FP Final Production
EP Editorial Production
PR At Prepress
AP At Press
AV Available
  
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