Adult Attachment and Achievement Motivation in a Sample of Women Rugby Players (pp. 161-176)
Authors: Bethany A. McNeill, Margo C. Watt, Kim MacLean, and Catherine E. Gallagher
Abstract: Research has found that secure attachment is linked to a high need for achievement and a low fear of failure (Elliot & Reis, 2003). This study examined the link between attachment and achievement motivation within the achievement-oriented context of women’s rugby, one of Canada’s fastest growing but least researched sports. Eighty-six players from eight Canadian universities completed an online survey of attachment dimensions (ASQ-SF; Alexander et al., 2001), attachment to coach (CAQ; Parish & Eagle, 2003), achievement goals (AGQ-S; Conroy et al., 2003), and performance appraisal (PFAI; Conroy et al., 2002). Attachment insecurity (both anxiety and avoidance) was positively associated with fear of failure. Attachment anxiety (vs. avoidance) was associated with mastery avoidance. No link was found between attachment patterns generally and attachment to coach specifically, nor between attachment to coach and achievement goals. The performance-approach paradox was confirmed. Results are discussed in terms of implications for athletes, coaches, and future research.