Coaching Behavior in Professional Basketball: Discrepancies between Players’ and Coaches’ Perceptions (pp. 65-80)
Authors: Neoklis Lemonidis, Yannis Tzioumakis, Alekos Karypidis, Maria Michalopoulou, Vassilios Gourgoulis, and Nikolaos Zourbanos
Abstract: The aims of the present investigation were firstly, to elicit the views of professional basketball players on the behavior of their coach and secondly, to examine whether there are differences in perceptions of coaching behavior between players and coaches. The Coaching Behavior Assessment System - Perceived Behavior Scale (CBAS-PBS; Smith, Smoll & Curtis, 1978) was used for the assessment of the perceptions of 81 players and eight head coaches in professional first division in Greece. The reliability of the instrument was within acceptable levels. A comparison between coaches’ and players’ perceptions of coaching behaviors revealed significant differences in all CBAS-PBS behavioral categories. Coaches reported that they often used behaviors expressing support, encouragement and corrective instructions after a mistake, and rarely exhibit punitive behaviors, ignored mistakes and fail to provide reinforcement after desired behaviors. However, the players did not perceive their coaches’ behaviors as encouraging and supportive as their coaches did. The main differences between coaches’ and their athletes’ perceptions were in the behavioral categories of corrective instructions after turnovers, positive reinforcement, ignoring mistakes, keeping control, organization, general technical instructions and general encouragement. Results from the present study provide evidence that elite level basketball coaches should develop self-awareness of the coaching behaviors they exhibit. Furthermore, it is suggested that results from the present study should be taken into consideration for designing effective coach education programs and interventions.