Exercise Intervention in Treatment-Resistant Major Depressive Disorder: Benefits of Accelerometer Monitoring (pp. 113-136)
Authors: (Jorge Mota-Pereira, Jose Carlos Ribeiro, Daniela Fonte, Serafim Carvalho, Joaquim Ramos, Jorge Silverio, Psychosocial Rehabilitation Department, Hospital Magalhaes Lemos, Porto, Portugal, and others)
Abstract: Although there are several reports on the benefits of exercise on Major Depressive
Disorder, none has monitored these exercise programs with accelerometers. We have
conducted a 12 week home based moderate intensity exercise program in 33 treatmentresistant
Major Depressive Disorder patients and, based on accelerometer data,
determined compliance, exercise patterns and relationship between time spent in MVPA,
response to treatment and Quality of Life. Patients were diagnosed according to DSM-IV
criteria, and, from 150 initially screened, 33 met study criteria and were included. Four
patients were excluded due to non-compliance/drop-out, thus a total of 29 patients
finished the study. Patients were randomized either to a moderate intensity exercise
program, which consisted of 30-45 min/day walks, 5 days/week, for 12 weeks, plus usual
pharmacotherapy (N=22) or regular daily activities plus usual pharmacotherapy (N=11).
All participants wore an ActiGraph® GT1M accelerometer during the 12 weeks.
Moderate to very vigorous physical activity (MVPA), HAMD17, BDI, GAF, CGI-S,
WHOQOL-Bref and SF-36 were assessed. Results show a trend for increasing time spent
in MVPA from no response to response and remission (p = 0.028), and medium to strong
correlations between time spent in MVPA and better depression and functioning
parameters. There was also a trend for increasing time spent in MVPA and improvement
of some QoL domains, namely WHOQOL-Bref Physical domain and SF-36 Physical
Functioning and General Health Domains (p < 0.05). Participants showed preference for
exercising on weekdays and on specific periods of the day (p < 0.05). Therefore, we
suggest that future implementation of effective exercise augmentation therapy programs
in MDD patients should consider objective measures that allow the quantification of
exercise and assessment of exercise patterns.
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