South Africa is celebrating its first decade of democratic freedom. It therefore seems appropriate to examine in more detail how South Africa has tried to restore some of the many social injustices caused by the former apartheid regime. This book offers a view into the world of organization and management from a cultural perspective. The authors investigate how initiatives and policies with the aim of generating more employment equity have been developed, implemented and have worked out in various sectors of the South African economy. The various chapters present in-depth case studies that deal with the South African government, local NGOs, universities and tourism. The book reveals in detail the local struggles of the historically disadvantaged and the “powers-that-be”, to try and live up to the ideals of the New South Africa.