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Pain, Psychological Symptoms and Prescription Drug Misuse in Hiv: A Literature Review (pp. 111-118) $45.00
Authors:  Jennie CI Tsao, Michael W Plankey and Mary A Young
Pain is a common problem among persons living with HIV.
In this population, pain often co-occurs with psychological
symptoms, as well as illicit drug abuse. Recently, the
misuse of prescription drugs, including the misuse of opioid
medications for pain relief, has emerged as a significant
public health problem. The purpose of this article is to
review the literature on the associations among pain, illicit
drug use, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in the
misuse of prescription medications in HIV disease. Results
and conclusions: Although relatively little attention has
centered on the management of pain, psychological
symptoms and other distressing, yet treatable symptoms in
HIV, the fact that drug abuse behaviors now constitute a
primary risk factor for HIV infection requires a shift in
focus for clinicians and researchers alike. There is currently
little agreement regarding the medical provision of opioids
to persons with a history of illicit drug use. Thus, additional
research is required to ensure adequate treatment of pain
and psychological symptoms in persons living with HIV
while minimizing the risk of prescription drug misuse. 

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Pain, Psychological Symptoms and Prescription Drug Misuse in Hiv: A Literature Review (pp. 111-118)