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Surface-Active Ionic Liquids: Syntheses, Solution Properties, and Applications pp. 521-548 $100.00
Authors:  (Paula D. Galgano, Omar A. El Seoud, Institute of Chemistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, S.P., Brazil)
Abstract:
The highly favorable properties of ionic liquids, ILs, e.g., negligible vapor pressure; high polarity; high chemical and thermal stability, as well as molecular structural versatility are expected to be carried over to their surface-active counterparts, SAILs, (ILs
with long-chain “tails”); this has been verified experimentally for several 1,3- dialkylimidazolium electrolytes (e.g., chlorides, bromides, and tetrafluoroborates). The impetus for studying SAILs is the enormous potential for their applications, e.g., in the
nano-technological and biomedical fields. The progress in these applications rests on a clear understanding of the relationship between surfactant molecular structure and properties. This review article is focused on imidazole-based SAILs, including: syntheses, determination of the properties of their solutions; comparison between their micellar properties and those of “conventional” cationic surfactants, and their main applications. The most frequently employed schemes for the synthesis and purification of
SAILs are given; the following micellar properties are listed, where available: the critical micelles concentrations, counter-ion dissociation constants; surfactant aggregation numbers; thermodynamic parameters of aggregation. Where possible, we compare the
above-mentioned properties with those of “conventional” surfactants in order to show the relevance to aggregation of the imidazolium ring. The above-mentioned applications are briefly discussed. 


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Surface-Active Ionic Liquids: Syntheses, Solution Properties, and Applications pp. 521-548