The Application of Ionic Liquids-Cellulose Hydrolysis to Chemicals pp. 467-478
Authors: (Furong Tao, Huanling Song, Lingjun Chou, State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, and others)
Abstract: The efficient utilization of biomass has recently received considerable attention as a potential alternative to petroleum for the production of transportation fuels and chemicals. Cellulose, which is the most abundant natural polymeric carbon source in the word, occupies 30-40% of biomass. Until now, studies have mainly focus on the efficient depolymerization of cellulose into small molecular platform chemicals, because cellulose itself is a highly crystalline polymer of D-anhydroglucopyranose units jointed together in long chains by β-
1,4-glycosidic bonds. The tight hydrogen bonding network and van der Waals interactions greatly stabilize cellulose , making it notoriously resistant to hydrolysis.