Bacterial Attachment onto the Surfaces of Sputter-Prepared Titanium and Titanium-Based Nanocoatings pp. 195-224
Authors: (Elena P. Ivanova, James Y. Wang, Vi Khanh Truong, Anna Kemp, Christopher C. Berndt, Russell J. Crawford, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia, and others)
Abstract: Titanium is commonly used in indwelling devices because of its high biocompatibility, low toxicity and high corrosion resistance. Titanium can be used either as a pure metal, an alloy or as a coating in medical applications; including orthopeadic and dental prostheses and cardiac valves, maxiofacial surgery and vascular stents. The use and diversity of these implants is increasing. As a result, research into the use of
bioactive surface modified titanium, modified to enhance its biocompatibility, is also increasing. Thin film technologies are available that enable the creation of different surface morphologies, and these morphologies strongly influence the extent of growth and
adhesion of osteoblast cells.