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Pilot Plant Studies of Biodiesel Production using UFO (Used Frying Oil) as Raw Material pp. 323-344 $100.00
Authors:  (José Aracil, Mercedes Martínez, Marta Arriaga, Abderrahim Bouaid, Rubén Oliveros, Marta Serrano, Marcos Sánchez, Noureddin El-Boulifi, Elisa Peña, Laboratory of Development, Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid, Spain)
Abstract:
In recent years, the development of alternative fuels from renewable resources, like biomass, has received considerable attention. Biodiesel is defined as fatty acid methyl or ethyl esters from vegetable oils, when it is used as fuel in diesel engines and heating systems. In this context, the use of used frying oil (UFO) as a raw material for biodiesel production has gained special interest since it has provided a potential added value to what has traditionally been treated as a residue. Methyl or ethyl esters are the product of transesterification of vegetable oils with alcohol (methanol/ethanol) using an alkaline catalyst. In addition, the process yields glycerol, which has large applications in the pharmaceutical, food and plastics industries. In the present work, the process of biodiesel production for pilot plant using sunflower oil as raw material with methanol and using potassium hydroxide as catalyst has been studied providing a mass and energy balance of the process. The biodiesel quality meets European specifications defined by pr EN 14214:2003(E). The obtained results have been used for industrial scale up of the process. 


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Pilot Plant Studies of Biodiesel Production using UFO (Used Frying Oil) as Raw Material pp. 323-344