Energy Efficiency and Carbon Trading – Towards a Greener Malaysia pp. 123-141
Authors: (T.H. Oh, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Multimedia University (MMU), Jalan Ayer Keroh Lama, Bukit Beruang, Melaka, Malaysia)
Abstract: It is a known fact that the total energy being consumed today is at a rate that has never been seen before in the human history. As the world becomes more developed, this has led to a significant increase in industrial activity which consequently results in a massive increase of pollutants being released to the atmosphere, water and soil, altering their composition, and causing harmful effects on the environment and human health. Although environmental problems are not an issue of interest to the world until the last century, some historical events have shown that the concerns on the effect of certain man-made pollutants on human health have begun some centuries ago. Air pollutants mainly come from discharges of gases from industry, motor vehicles and domestic wood burning. The most widespread pollutant
which is called primary pollutant is none other than the major greenhouse gas (GHG), carbon dioxide (CO2).