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Fiber reinforced composite for non-metallic dental implants pp.871-892 $100.00
Authors:  (Ahmed Ballo, Timo Närhi, Pekka Vallittu, Department of Biomaterials, Institute of Clinical Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden, and others)
Abstract:
Polymers and polymer composites possess a wide spectrum of properties that allow
them to be used in diverse medical applications. Materials used for implant manufacture
play an important role in implant fixation. Biocompatibility and biomechanical properties
are important variables that need to be determined when new materials are considered for
medical use.
The mismatch in Young’s modulus between implant material and bone, and related
over or under loading of bone, has been a major concern in prosthetic application in poor
bone conditions.To overcome this problem, attempts to investigate non-metallic fiber
reinforced composite (FRC) as a dental implant have been made.
Such considerations lead to the hypothesis that FRC implants would obtain the
properties comparable to those of the bone, in particular stiffness, which allows uniform
load distribution to the surrounding bone tissue. This would reduce stress shielding, and
micromotion at the bone-implant interface which can lead to bone loss or aseptic
loosening of the prostheses. The proposed implant material is based on a bulk structure of
continuous E-glass fiber reinforced polydimethacrylate-monomethacrylate (BisGMAPMMA)
composite and bioactive glass. E-glass fibers provide mechanical strength
whereas bioactive glass coating improves bonding of the implant to the bone, as well as
increasing the mineral density of the bone around the implant.
This chapter introduces new research on the mechanical and biological properties of
fiber-reinforced composite and highlights its potential as a novel material for
maxillofacial and oral implants. 


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Fiber reinforced composite for non-metallic dental implants pp.871-892