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Effect of pimelic acid treatments on the crystal structures, crystallization behaviors, morphologies and mechanical properties of polypropylene composites pp.647-680 $100.00
Authors:  (Qiang Dou, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, China)
Abstract:
Pimelic acid was used as a new surface modifier for calcium carbonate, wollastonite
and mica, respectively. The crystal structures, crystallization behaviors, morphologies
and mechanical properties of the PP composites were characterized by means of wide
angle X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, polarized light microscopy,
scanning electron microscopy and mechanical tests. The chemical reactions between
pimelic acid and the fillers were analyzed by means of Fourier transform infrared
spectroscopy. The results of wide angle X-ray diffraction, differential scanning
calorimetry and polarized light microscopy proved that pimelic acid treated fillers
induced a large amount of β crystalline form PP and decreased the spherulitic size of PP.
The results of scanning electron microscopy showed that pimelic acid treatment enhanced
the interfacial adhesion between the fillers and the matrix, indicating the improvement of
the compatibility between PP and the fillers. It was revealed by energy dispersive
spectrum and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy that pimelic acid reacted with the
fillers and effective β nucleating agents were formed. The toughness of the composites
was markedly improved by the more ductile β-form spherulites. 


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Effect of pimelic acid treatments on the crystal structures, crystallization behaviors, morphologies and mechanical properties of polypropylene composites pp.647-680