Nova Publishers
My Account Nova Publishers Shopping Cart
HomeBooksSeriesJournalsReference CollectionseBooksInformationSalesImprintsFor Authors
            
  Top » Catalog » Books » Biology » Zoology » Reptiles: Biology, Behavior and Conservation Chapters » My Account  |  Cart Contents  |  Checkout   
Quick Find
  
Use keywords to find the product you are looking for.
Advanced Search
What's New? more
Virtual Worlds: Concepts, Applications and Future Directions
$207.00
Shopping Cart more
0 items
Information
Shipping & Returns
Privacy Notice
Conditions of Use
Contact Us
Notifications more
NotificationsNotify me of updates to The Northern Pine Snake (Pituophis melanoleucus) in New Jersey: Its Life History, Behavior and Conservation pp. 1-56
Tell A Friend
 
Tell someone you know about this product.
The Northern Pine Snake (Pituophis melanoleucus) in New Jersey: Its Life History, Behavior and Conservation pp. 1-56 $0.00
Authors:  (Joanna Burger, Robert T. Zappalorti, Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA, and others)
Abstract:
At the northern limit of their range, the Pine Snake (Pituophis melanoleucus) is listed as a threatened species by the state of New Jersey. They occur in the southern portion of the state in an area known as the Pine Barrens, where they are isolated from other conspecifics much farther south in Tennessee, Virginia, Kentucky and the Carolinas. The major threat that Pine Snakes face throughout their range is habitat loss. Pine Snakes excavate long nest tunnels and lay their eggs underground. In the fall they dig or modify abandoned mammal burrows or stump-holes as hibernation sites where they survive the winter. Because they are at the northern limit of their range, females select open sandy areas in the forest with complete sun penetration to the underground nest. Shaded areas with trees or shrubs could cause eggs to incubate at lower temperature limits in the nest and cause hatchlings to be behaviorally impaired. Their nesting behavior in open fields renders them vulnerable not only to predators, but to human poachers and off-road vehicles that can run over females within nesting tunnels, destroy the nests, or crush and kill eggs or hatchlings. Poaching of eggs and adults during the nesting season, or at other times of the summer, is a severe threat to Pine Snakes. Other threats include loss of nesting and hibernation sites, fragmentation of important foraging habitat, enhanced predation from human commensals (dogs and cats), and natural predators whose populations have increased due to the presence of humans (Coyote [Canus latrans], Fox [Vulpes fulva], Raccoon [Procyon lotor] and Skunk [Mephitis mephitis]). Properly planned research and intensive long-term studies have proven not to cause disruptions to Pine Snake ecology or behavior. Because New Jersey Pine Snakes have a distinct black and white pattern not found in this species from elsewhere in their range, they are highly prized by collectors. Measures to protect Pine Snakes are discussed, particularly habitat protection, enhancement of known nesting areas, construction of hibernacula, and protection of nesting and hibernation habitats from off-road vehicles. An extensive conservation and educational campaign is needed to raise public awareness about the harmless Pine Snake, the important role they play in the food chain in the Pine Barrens ecosystem, and to develop ways to protect and enhance their population and habitat. 


Available Options:
Version:

  Open Access item.
  Click below PDF icon for free download.

  

This is an Open Access item. Click above PDF icon for free download.
Special Focus Titles
01.Chaliapin and the Jews: The Question of Chaliapin's Purported Antisemitism
02.The Humanities: Past, Present and Future
03.The Poles: Myths and Reality
04.Child-Rearing: Practices, Attitudes and Cultural Differences
05."A Home Away from Home": A Community of International and South African University Students
06.Palliative Care: Oncology Experience from Hong Kong
07.The Enigma of Autism: Genius, Disorder or Just Different?
08.The Collector Mentality: Modernization of the Hunter-Gatherer
09.Face Processing: Systems, Disorders and Cultural Differences
10.Occurrences, Structure, Biosynthesis, and Health Benefits Based on Their Evidences of Medicinal Phytochemicals in Vegetables and Fruits. Volume 8
11.Crystal Growth: Concepts, Mechanisms and Applications
12.The Economic, Social and Political Impact of Mining on Akyem Abuakwa from the Pre-Colonial Era up to 1943

Nova Science Publishers
© Copyright 2004 - 2017

The Northern Pine Snake (Pituophis melanoleucus) in New Jersey: Its Life History, Behavior and Conservation pp. 1-56