Amphoteric, Amphihydric And Ambisaline: Are These Descriptive Concepts Manifestations of Convenience, Anthropocentrism, or Folksonomy?
Authors: Kathleen F. (Kay) Edwards and Joel F. Liebman
Abstract: The chemical descriptors “amphoteric”, “amphihydric” and the neologism “ambisaline” are discussed and exemplified: “Amphoteric” is a classic word in chemistry refers to a species that can accept or donate a proton, or rather much equivalently is both a base and an acid. “Amphihydric” refers to some compound RH that can transfer a hydride ion, hydrogen atom or proton to result in a reactive species stable enough to be generated in solution. An extension of this concept is made to species RH2. “Ambisaline” refers to species X so that X+ and X- may both be found in salts, albeit very often not with commonplace counterions. It is then asked if the use of these words “amphoteric”, “amphihydric” and “ambisaline” are manifestations of convenience, anthropocentrism, or folksonomy.