The Effectiveness of Behavioral and Eclectic Intervention Programs for 6.5-14 Years Old Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders: A Cross-cultural Study
Authors: Maria K. Makrygianni, Angeliki Gena and Phil Reed
Abstract: The effectiveness of behavioral intervention programs for children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders has been the subject of several studies. However, most of the studied programs were usually from UK and USA, although these types of programs exist in many more countries. Additionally, there is lack of cross-cultural studies, which could indicate to what extent the findings from the studied programs can be generalized and the impact of cultural environment to the effectiveness of intervention programs. The study in this chapter constitutes one of the first cross-cultural studies on the effectiveness of intervention programs for children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders. It compares the effectiveness of both behavioral and eclectic intervention programs for 6.5-to 14- year old children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders, from Greece and UK/Republic of Ireland, in a period of nine months. Some of the developmental factors that were assessed were the non-verbal IQ, language understanding, adaptive behavior, repetitive and stereotypic behaviors and other developmental difficulties of the children. The findings of the study indicate, that (a) the ABA and eclectic programs in English speaking countries were equal y effective, (b) the Greek ABA programs were almost equally effective as the programs in the English speaking countries and superior to the eclectic Greek programs, (c) the Greek eclectic programs were less effective than all the other programs both in Greece and UK/Republic of Ireland.