The Transtheoretical Model and Psychological Skills Training: Application and Implications with Elite Female Athletes
Authors: Linda A. Keeler and Jack C. Watson, II
Abstract: Despite evidence of how psychological skills training (PST) can help athletic performance, some athletes still resist its use. Applying the transtheoretical model of behavior change in consultations may be helpful for decreasing resistance to PST. In the present study, questionnaires measuring stages of change, self-efficacy and processes of change towards PST were given four times to forty-five elite female rugby athletes. Individual stage scores did not change over time with the exception of precontemplation. There were no differences in stage scores between those who received sport psychology consultations and those who did not. Self-efficacy was negatively related to precontemplation scores and positively related to action scores. Those who sought individual consultations were more likely to have been in contemplation (45.5%) at the onset of the study. Further, previously identified processes of change were confirmed to be used by this population.