“Green with… Shyness?” Moderators of the Links between Shyness and Golf Performance
Authors: Adam Kingsbury, Robert J. Coplan and Mila Reichel
Abstract: The goal of this study was to explore processes linking shyness with golf performance. Participants were n = 33 amateur golfers, who completed self-reports of shyness, coping, and state anxiety, and performed golf putting tasks under lower- and higher-stress conditions. Among the results, shyness predicted increased state anxiety only for those golfers with less positive coping strategies. In turn, shyness was associated with decreased performance in the higher-stress condition – but only among more anxious golfers. Interestingly, shy golfers who experienced lower state anxiety improved in performance under higher-stress. Results are discussed in terms of the complex relation between shyness and performance under pressure.