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Formation of transitory bainite as a precursor of α-phase during tempering of martensitic, pp. 267-285 $100.00
Authors:  Leandru-Gheorghe Bujoreanu
The paper assumes that, in the case of a martensitic Cu-Zn-Al shape memory alloy
subjected to heating above 770 K, the endothermic peaks revealed by differential scanning
calorimetry (DSC) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) and located around 630 K
would correspond to the transitory formation of α1 bainite. This endothermic phenomenon
has been regarded as transitory since heating proceeding causes exothermic precipitation
of equilibrium α-phase which is copper-rich and therefore its formation augments both Zn
and Al amounts in β2 austenitic matrix.
Considering that the formation of tempering bainite has been completed at 670 K,
specimens which were water-quenched from this temperature were analyzed by optical
and transmission electron microscopy (OM and TEM, respectively) and bainite formation
was ascertained by its plate-like morphology with irregularly distributed internal striations
having microtwin-appearance and by its selected-area diffraction (SAD) pattern with
orthorhombic unit cell having 9R atomic ordering.
In order to reveal the irreversible character of tempering-martensite formation,
induced by its diffusion controlled growth, specimens water-quenched from 770 K were
subjected to DSC-scans during heating. In this case no martensite reversion to austenite
was detected and the accumulation of irreversibly formed α-phase caused a gradual change
of chemical composition of β2 matrix accompanied by a diminution in the intensity of its
order-disorder transition. 

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Formation of transitory bainite as a precursor of α-phase during tempering of martensitic, pp. 267-285