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Advances in Medicine and Biology. Volume 129
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Breast Cancer Knowledge and Risk Factors Assessment at Primary Health Care Setting in Al Hassa, KSA., pp. 139-159 $100.00
Authors:  Tarek Tawfik Amin, Amira Gamal Abdul Rahman Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt and others
Abstract:
Objective: To assess level and determinants of knowledge about, and
risk factors for, breast cancer among women in the child bearing period
in Al Hassa, KSA.
Study design: cross-sectional descriptive.
Participants and Method: A total of 1315 Saudi females over 18
years of age were included, selected through multistage stratified
sampling method from ten primary health care centers. No previous
history of breast cancer and attending for routine services or
accompanying patients were prerequisites for eligibility. Participants
were invited to personal interview using pre-tested validated
questionnaire including inquiries regarding knowledge, screening
practices including self, clinical breast examination, mammography,
individual breast cancer risk factors and perceived barriers towards
screening.
Statistical management: data entry and analysis was carried out
using SPSS 13 (SPSS Inc., IL). Both descriptive and inferential tests of
significance were applied when appropriate, logistic regression was
generated to determine the possible correlates of knowledge.
Results: Overall level of knowledge regards risk factors and proper
screening was low and dependent upon educational and occupational
status. Breast self-examination was practiced in < 30 %. Clinical breast
examination was used among < 5% and mammography in < 3%. Positive
Family history found in 18% among first and second degree relatives, 2
% had a prior history of benign breast mass or biopsy.
Conclusion: irrespective of the level of educational status there is a
knowledge deficit among Saudi women in Al Hassa about the risk
factors, methods for early detection and screening of breast cancer.
Several risk factors are present among the included sample which needs
careful attention. 


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Breast Cancer Knowledge and Risk Factors Assessment at Primary Health Care Setting in Al Hassa, KSA., pp. 139-159