The burden of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in Canada pp. 165-173
Authors: Frank Mo, Heidi Liepold, Michelle Bishop, Lianne Vardy and Howard Morrison
Abstract: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) poses many socioeconomic, psychosocial, disability and quality of life difficulties for people with CFS in Canada. The self-reported prevalence of CFS was 0.78%, 1.22% and about 201,900, 331,500 Canadians have reported having CFS in 2000 and 2005 respectively. Canadians aged 40-64 years old (57.87% in 2000, and 58.59% in 2005) were the most frequently infected. More female Canadians (71.41% in 2000, and 68.44% in 2005) were affected than males (28.59% and 31.56%). Both physical and mental fatigue caused by CFS cost the Canadian economy an estimated $3.5 billion per year, and the annual lost productivity in Canada is estimated at $2.5 billion in 2003. However, the capacity in Canada for prevention and management of CFS is limited. Currently, there are only few medical doctors using the Clinical Working Case Definition, diagnostic and treatment protocols. Therefore, we need more research in the surveillance, diagnosis, treatment, and evaluation of CFS management in Canada.