The Effects of Scholarship Status on Intrinsic Motivation (pp. 63-74)
Authors: Mark W. Aoyagi and Richard H. Cox
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to test the predictions of cognitive evaluation theory (CET) by exploring the relationship between Division 1 student-athletes’ (N = 122) perceptions of scholarships and intrinsic motivation (IM). Student-athletes were asked to rate the extent to which they perceived their own scholarship and athletic scholarships in general as informational (i.e., competence feedback) and controlling. IM was measured with the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory. Results showed: a) athletes' perceptions of scholarships as competence feedback predicted the perceived competence aspect of IM, b) athletes' perceptions of scholarships as controlling did not predict IM, and c) there were no differences on IM based on percentage of teammates on scholarship. Implications of the study included a better understanding of student-athletes’ perceptions of scholarships, support for aspects of CET, and considerations in the measurement of IM.