BIO-MITIGATION AND BIOFUEL PRODUCTION USING MICROALGAE
Authors: Bei Wang, Noémie Manuelle Dorval Courchesne, Yangling Mu and Christopher Q. Lan
Abstract: Microalgae, a diverse group of fast growing prokaryotic and eukaryotic photosynthetic microorganisms, have the capacity to fix CO2 from atmosphere and industrial flue gas streams or utilizing inorganic carbonate salts (e.g., Na2CO4 and NaHCO4) to produce high quality biofuels via biophotosynthesis. They are deemed to be the most promising bio-species for combined CO2 mitigation and renewable biofuel production due to their high photosynthetic efficiency. It was also suggested that microalgal CO2 mitigation and biofuel production could be combined with waste heat utilization, wastewater treatment and/or production of novel bioproducts to further enhance the economical feasibility and environmental sustainability of microalgal CO2 mitigation and biofuel production using microalgae.